Mental Health in Adolescents with a Migration Background in 29 European Countries: The Buffering Role of Social Capital.

Bibliographic Details
Title: Mental Health in Adolescents with a Migration Background in 29 European Countries: The Buffering Role of Social Capital.
Authors: Delaruelle K; Health Promotion Unit, Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Ghent University, Corneel Heymanslaan 10, 9000, Ghent, Belgium. Katrijn.Delaruelle@UGent.be.; Hedera, Department of Sociology, Ghent University, Korte Meer 5, 9000, Ghent, Belgium. Katrijn.Delaruelle@UGent.be., Walsh SD; Department of Criminology, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan, 5290002, Israel., Dierckens M; Health Promotion Unit, Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Ghent University, Corneel Heymanslaan 10, 9000, Ghent, Belgium., Deforche B; Health Promotion Unit, Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Ghent University, Corneel Heymanslaan 10, 9000, Ghent, Belgium.; Movement and Nutrition for Health and Performance Research Group, Faculty of Physical Education and Physiotherapy, Pleinlaan 2, 1050, Elsene, Belgium., Kern MR; Department of Social Sciences, University of Luxembourg, 4366, Esch-sur-Alzette, Luxembourg., Currie C; GCU London, 40 Fashion Street, London, United Kingdom., Maldonado CM; Department of Developmental and Educational Psychology, Universidad de Sevilla, Sevilla, Spain., Cosma A; Sts Cyril and Methodius Faculty of Theology, Olomouc University Social Health Institute, Palacky University in Olomouc, Olomouc, Czech Republic.; Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, VSB - Technical University of Ostrava, Ostrava, Czech Republic., Stevens GWJM; Department of Interdisciplinary Social Science, Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences, Utrecht University, Padualaan 14, 3584 CH, Utrecht, the Netherlands.
Source: Journal of youth and adolescence [J Youth Adolesc] 2021 May; Vol. 50 (5), pp. 855-871. Date of Electronic Publication: 2021 Mar 31.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Language: English
Journal Info: Publisher: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers Country of Publication: United States NLM ID: 0333507 Publication Model: Print-Electronic Cited Medium: Internet ISSN: 1573-6601 (Electronic) Linking ISSN: 00472891 NLM ISO Abbreviation: J Youth Adolesc Subsets: MEDLINE
Imprint Name(s): Publication: 1999- : New York, NY : Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers
Original Publication: New York, Plenum Press.
MeSH Terms: Emigrants and Immigrants* , Social Capital*, Adolescent ; Child ; Emigration and Immigration ; Europe ; Female ; Humans ; Mental Health
Abstract: Previous research is inconclusive as to whether having an immigration background acts as a risk factor for poor mental health in adolescents, and furthermore, what contribution the social context in which adolescents grow up may make. To address these questions, the current study uses an integrative resilience framework to investigate the association between immigration background and adolescent mental health, and the moderating role of social capital at the individual, the school, and the national level. The study uses data gathered from nationally representative samples of adolescents aged 11, 13, and 15 years (N girls  = 63,425 (52.1%); M age  = 13.57, SD = 1.64) from 29 countries participating in the 2017/18 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study. Data analysis reveals that first- and second-generation immigrants reported higher levels of life dissatisfaction and psychosomatic symptoms than their native peers, and that this association varied across schools and countries. In addition, social capital was found to moderate the association between immigration background and adolescent mental health. Individual-level social support from peers and family and national-level trust protected against poor mental health in adolescents with an immigration background, while the opposite was true for individual-level teacher support. Supportive teacher-student relationships were found to provide more protection against poor mental health for native adolescents than for immigrant adolescents. Our findings indicate the importance of taking an ecological approach to design interventions to reduce the negative effects of having an immigration background on adolescent mental health.
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Entry Date(s): Date Created: 20210401 Date Completed: 20210415 Latest Revision: 20210415
Update Code: 20210623
DOI: 10.1007/s10964-021-01423-1
PMID: 33791946
Published: 2021 May
Database: MEDLINE

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