Mental Health in Adolescents with a Migration Background in 29 European Countries: The Buffering Role of Social Capital.

Bibliographic Details
Title: Mental Health in Adolescents with a Migration Background in 29 European Countries: The Buffering Role of Social Capital.
Authors: Delaruelle K; Health Promotion Unit, Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Ghent University, Corneel Heymanslaan 10, 9000, Ghent, Belgium.; Hedera, Department of Sociology, Ghent University, Korte Meer 5, 9000, Ghent, Belgium., Walsh SD; Department of Criminology, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan, 5290002, Israel., Dierckens M; Health Promotion Unit, Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Ghent University, Corneel Heymanslaan 10, 9000, Ghent, Belgium., Deforche B; Health Promotion Unit, Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Ghent University, Corneel Heymanslaan 10, 9000, Ghent, Belgium.; Movement and Nutrition for Health and Performance Research Group, Faculty of Physical Education and Physiotherapy, Pleinlaan 2, 1050, Elsene, Belgium., Kern MR; Department of Social Sciences, University of Luxembourg, 4366, Esch-sur-Alzette, Luxembourg., Currie C; GCU London, 40 Fashion Street, London, United Kingdom., Maldonado CM; Department of Developmental and Educational Psychology, Universidad de Sevilla, Sevilla, Spain., Cosma A; Sts Cyril and Methodius Faculty of Theology, Olomouc University Social Health Institute, Palacky University in Olomouc, Olomouc, Czech Republic.; Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, VSB - Technical University of Ostrava, Ostrava, Czech Republic., Stevens GWJM; Department of Interdisciplinary Social Science, Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences, Utrecht University, Padualaan 14, 3584 CH, Utrecht, the Netherlands.
Source: Journal of youth and adolescence [J Youth Adolesc] 2021 May; Vol. 50 (5), pp. 855-871. Date of Electronic Publication: 2021 Mar 31.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Language: English
Journal Info: Publisher: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers Country of Publication: United States NLM ID: 0333507 Publication Model: Print-Electronic Cited Medium: Internet ISSN: 1573-6601 (Electronic) Linking ISSN: 00472891 NLM ISO Abbreviation: J Youth Adolesc Subsets: MEDLINE
Imprint Name(s): Publication: 1999- : New York, NY : Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers
Original Publication: New York, Plenum Press.
MeSH Terms: Emigrants and Immigrants* , Social Capital*, Adolescent ; Child ; Emigration and Immigration ; Europe ; Female ; Humans ; Mental Health
Abstract: Previous research is inconclusive as to whether having an immigration background acts as a risk factor for poor mental health in adolescents, and furthermore, what contribution the social context in which adolescents grow up may make. To address these questions, the current study uses an integrative resilience framework to investigate the association between immigration background and adolescent mental health, and the moderating role of social capital at the individual, the school, and the national level. The study uses data gathered from nationally representative samples of adolescents aged 11, 13, and 15 years (N girls  = 63,425 (52.1%); M age  = 13.57, SD = 1.64) from 29 countries participating in the 2017/18 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study. Data analysis reveals that first- and second-generation immigrants reported higher levels of life dissatisfaction and psychosomatic symptoms than their native peers, and that this association varied across schools and countries. In addition, social capital was found to moderate the association between immigration background and adolescent mental health. Individual-level social support from peers and family and national-level trust protected against poor mental health in adolescents with an immigration background, while the opposite was true for individual-level teacher support. Supportive teacher-student relationships were found to provide more protection against poor mental health for native adolescents than for immigrant adolescents. Our findings indicate the importance of taking an ecological approach to design interventions to reduce the negative effects of having an immigration background on adolescent mental health.
References: Alvarez, E. C., Kawachi, I., & Romani, J. R. (2017). Family social capital and health–a systematic review and redirection. Sociology of Health & Illness, 39(1), 5–29.
Barban, N., & White, M. J. (2011). Immigrants’ children’s transition to secondary school in Italy. International Migration Review, 45(3), 702–726.
Berry, J. W., Phinney, J. S., Sam, D. L., & Vedder, P. E. (2006). Immigrant youth in cultural transition: Acculturation, identity, and adaptation across national contexts. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Bornstein, M. H. (2017). The specificity principle in acculturation science. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 12(1), 3–45. (PMID: 280733315234695)
Calarco, J. M. (2011). “I need help!” Social class and children’s help-seeking in elementary school. American Sociological Review, 76(6), 862–882.
Calarco, J. M. (2014). Coached for the classroom: Parents’ cultural transmission and children’s reproduction of educational inequalities. American Sociological Review, 79(5), 1015–1037.
Campos-Matos, I., Subramanian, S., & Kawachi, I. (2016). The ‘dark side’of social capital: Trust and self-rated health in European countries. The European Journal of Public Health, 26(1), 90–95. (PMID: 26017573)
Cantril, H. (1965). Pattern of human concerns. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.
De Clercq, B., Vyncke, V., Hublet, A., Elgar, F. J., Ravens-Sieberer, U., Currie, C., & Maes, L. (2012). Social capital and social inequality in adolescents’ health in 601 Flemish communities: A multilevel analysis. Social Science & Medicine, 74(2), 202–210.
Delaruelle, K., Van Houtte, M., & Bracke, P. (2020). Educational inequalities in general health: Does the curricular tracking system matter? Acta Sociologica, 63(1), 63–81.
Dimitrova, R., Chasiotis, A., & Van de Vijver, F. (2016). Adjustment outcomes of immigrant children and youth in Europe: A meta-analysis. European Psychologist, 21(2), 150.
Elgar, F. J., Trites, S. J., & Boyce, W. (2010). Social capital reduces socio-economic differences in child health: evidence from the Canadian Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children study. Canadian. Journal of Public Health/Revue Canadienne de Sante’e Publique, 101(3), S23–S27.
Fangen, K. (2010). Social exclusion and inclusion of young immigrants: Presentation of an analytical framework. Young, 18(2), 133–156.
Garcia Coll, C. E., & Marks, A. K. E. (2012). The immigrant paradox in children and adolescents: Is becoming American a developmental risk?. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Harker, K. (2001). Immigrant generation, assimilation, and adolescent psychological well-being. Social Forces, 79(3), 969–1004.
Haugland, S., & Wold, B. (2001). Subjective health complaints in adolescence—reliability and validity of survey methods. Journal of Adolescence, 24(5), 611–624. (PMID: 11676508)
Inchley, J., Currie, D., Budisavljevic, S., Torsheim, T., Jåstad, A., Cosma, A., & Arnarsson, Á. (2020). Spotlight on adolescent health and well-being: Findings from the 2017/2018 Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children (HBSC) survey in Europe and Canada. Copenhagen: WHO Regional Office for Europe.
Inchley, J., Currie, D., Cosma, A., & Samdal, O. (2018). Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study protocol: background, methodology and mandatory items for the 2017/18 survey. St Andrews: CAHRU.
Jasso, G., Massey, D. S., Rosenwig, M., & Smith, J. (2004). Immigrant health: Selectivity and acculturation. In N. Anderson, P. Bulatao & B. Cohen (Eds.), Critical perspectives on racial and ethnic differences in health in late life. Washington, DC: National Academics Press.
Kawachi, I. (2006). Commentary: social capital and health: making the connections one step at a time. International Journal of Epidemiology, 35(4), 989–993. (PMID: 16870679)
Kern, M. R., Duinhof, E. L., Walsh, S. D., Cosma, A. P., Moreno-Maldonado, C., Molcho, M., & Stevens, G. W. (2020). Intersectionality and adolescent mental well-being. A cross-nationally comparative analysis of the interplay between immigration background, socio-economic status and gender. Journal of Adolescent Health, 66(6), S12–S20.
Landale, N. S., & Oropesa, R. S. (2001). Migration, social support and perinatal health: an origin-destination analysis of Puerto Rican women. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 42(2), 166–183. (PMID: 11467251)
Levin, K. A., & Currie, C. (2014). Reliability and validity of an adapted version of the Cantril Ladder for use with adolescent samples. Social Indicators Research, 119(2), 1047–1063.
Liu, S. (2015). Searching for a sense of place: Identity negotiation of Chinese immigrants. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 46, 26–35.
Marks, A. K., McKenna, J. L., & Coll, C. G. (2018). National immigration receiving contexts: a critical aspect of native-born, immigrant, and refugee youth well-being. European Psychologist, 23(1), 6–20.
Masten, A. S. (2015). Ordinary magic: Resilience in development. New York, NY: Guilford Publications.
Mood, C., Jonsson, J. O., & Låftman, S. B. (2016). Immigrant integration and youth mental health in four European countries. European Sociological Review, 32(6), 716–729.
Moore, S. & Kawachi, I. (2017). Twenty years of social capital and health research: a glossary. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 71(5), 513–517. (PMID: 28087811)
Motti-Stefanidi, F., Berry, J., Chryssochoou, X., Sam, D. L., & Phinney, J. (2012). Positive immigrant youth adaptation in context: Developmental, acculturation, and social-psychological perspectives. In A. Masten, K. Liebkind & D. J. Hernandez (Eds.), Realizing the potential of immigrant youth (pp. 117–158). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Motti-Stefanidi, F., & Coll, C. G. (2018). We have come a long way, baby: “Explaining positive adaptation of immigrant youth across cultures”. Journal of Adolescence, 62, 218–221. (PMID: 29031372)
Motti-Stefanidi, F., & Masten, A. S. (2017). A resilience perspective on immigrant youth adaptation and development. In N. J. Cabrera & B. Leyendecker (Eds), Handbook on positive development of minority children and youth (pp. 19–34). Cham, Switzerland: Springer.
Nordahl, H., Krølner, R., Páll, G., Currie, C., & Andersen, A. (2011). Measurement of ethnic background in cross-national school surveys: agreement between students’ and parents’ responses. Journal of Adolescent Health, 49(3), 272–277.
Novak, D., & Kawachi, I. (2015). Influence of different domains of social capital on psychological distress among Croatian high school students. International Journal of Mental Health Systems, 9(1), 1–7.
Poortinga, W. (2006). Social capital: an individual or collective resource for health? Social science & medicine, 62(2), 292–302.
Rodgers, J., Valuev, A. V., Hswen, Y., & Subramanian, S. (2019). Social capital and physical health: an updated review of the literature for 2007−2018. Social Science & Medicine, 236, 112360.
Runarsdottir, E. M., & Vilhjalmsson, R. (2019). Ethnicity and adolescent well-being in the context of families, friends, and neighborhoods. Journal of Youth Studies, 22(10), 1345–1360.
Rustenbach, E. (2010). Sources of negative attitudes toward immigrants in Europe: a multi-level analysis. International Migration Review, 44(1), 53–77.
Schachner, M. K., Van de Vijver, F. J., & Noack, P. (2018). Acculturation and school adjustment of early-adolescent immigrant boys and girls in Germany: Conditions in school, family, and ethnic group. The Journal of Early Adolescence, 38(3), 352–384.
Shrout, P. E., & Fleiss, J. L. (1979). Intraclass correlations: uses in assessing rater reliability. Psychological Bulletin, 86(2), 420. (PMID: 18839484)
Sirin, S. R., Gupta, T., Ryce, P., Katsiaficas, D., Suárez-Orozco, C., & Rogers-Sirin, L. (2013). Understanding the role of social support in trajectories of mental health symptoms for immigrant adolescents. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 34(5), 199–207.
Smart Richman, L., & Leary, M. R. (2009). Reactions to discrimination, stigmatization, ostracism, and other forms of interpersonal rejection: a multimotive model. Psychological Review, 116(2), 365–383. (PMID: 19348546)
Sortheix, F. M., & Lönnqvist, J. E. (2015). Person‐group value congruence and subjective well‐being in students from Argentina, Bulgaria and Finland: The role of interpersonal relationships. Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology, 25(1), 34–48.
Stevens, G. W., Boer, M., Titzmann, P. F., Cosma, A., & Walsh, S. D. (2020). Immigration status and bullying victimization: Associations across national and school contexts. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 66, 101075.
Stevens, G. W., & Vollebergh, W. A. (2008). Mental health in migrant children. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 49(3), 276–294. (PMID: 18081765)
Stevens, G. W., & Walsh, S. D. (2019). Development in context. In P. F. Titzmann & P. Jugert (Eds.), Youth in Superdiverse Societies: Growing up with globalization, diversity, and acculturation. Abingdon: Routledge.
Suárez-Orozco, C., Motti-Stefanidi, F., Marks, A., & Katsiaficas, D. (2018). An integrative risk and resilience model for understanding the adaptation of immigrant-origin children and youth. American Psychologist, 73(6), 781.
Suzuki, E., Yamamoto, E., Takao, S., Kawachi, I., & Subramanian, S. (2012). Clarifying the use of aggregated exposures in multilevel models: self-included vs. self-excluded measures. PloS ONE, 7(12), e51717. (PMID: 232516093519740)
Tegegne, M. A., & Glanville, J. L. (2019). The Immigrant-Native Gap in Subjective Well-Being in Western European Countries: Assessing the Role of Social Capital. International Migration Review, 53(2), 458–485.
Torsheim, T., Cavallo, F., Levin, K. A., Schnohr, C., Mazur, J., Niclasen, B., & Group, F. D. S. (2016). Psychometric validation of the revised family affluence scale: a latent variable approach. Child Indicators Research, 9(3), 771–784. (PMID: 27489572)
Torsheim, T., Wold, B., & Samdal, O. (2000). The teacher and classmate support scale: factor structure, test-retest reliability and validity in samples of 13-and 15-year-old adolescents. School Psychology International, 21(2), 195–212.
Tummala-Narra, P. (2015). Ethnic identity, perceived support, and depressive symptoms among racial minority immigrant-origin adolescents. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 85(1), 23–33.
van der Linden, M., Hooghe, M., de Vroome, T., & Van Laar, C. (2017). Extending trust to immigrants: Generalized trust, cross-group friendship and anti-immigrant sentiments in 21 European societies. PloS ONE, 12(5), e0177369. (PMID: 284819255421794)
Van Praag, L., Stevens, P. A., & Van Houtte, M. (2016). ‘No more Turkish music!’ The acculturation strategies of teachers and ethnic minority students in Flemish schools. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 42(8), 1353–1370.
Walsh, S. D., Kolobov, T. & Harel-Fisch, Y. (2018). Social capital as a moderator of the relationship between perceived discrimination and alcohol and cannabis use among immigrant and non-immigrant adolescents in Israel. Frontiers in Psychology, 9, 1556. (PMID: 302334506134022)
Zimet, G. D., Dahlem, N. W., Zimet, S. G., & Farley, G. K. (1988). The multidimensional scale of perceived social support. Journal of Personality Assessment, 52(1), 30–41.
Entry Date(s): Date Created: 20210401 Date Completed: 20210415 Latest Revision: 20210415
Update Code: 20210623
DOI: 10.1007/s10964-021-01423-1
PMID: 33791946
Published: 2021 May
Database: MEDLINE

Academic Journal