Understanding the influence of contextual factors and individual social capital on American public mask wearing in response to COVID-19.

Bibliographic Details
Title: Understanding the influence of contextual factors and individual social capital on American public mask wearing in response to COVID-19.
Authors: Hao F; University of South Florida, USA. Electronic address: fenghao@usf.edu., Shao W; University of Alabama, USA., Huang W; Ringling College of Art and Design, USA.
Source: Health & place [Health Place] 2021 Mar; Vol. 68, pp. 102537. Date of Electronic Publication: 2021 Feb 19.
Publication Type: Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Language: English
Journal Info: Publisher: Elsevier Country of Publication: England NLM ID: 9510067 Publication Model: Print-Electronic Cited Medium: Internet ISSN: 1873-2054 (Electronic) Linking ISSN: 13538292 NLM ISO Abbreviation: Health Place Subsets: Health Technology
Imprint Name(s): Publication: Exford, England : Elsevier
Original Publication: [Kidlington, Oxford, U.K.] : Pergamon, c1995-
MeSH Terms: COVID-19*/epidemiology , COVID-19*/mortality , Health Policy* , Personal Protective Equipment* , Social Capital*, Adult ; Female ; Humans ; Male ; State Government ; Surveys and Questionnaires ; United States/epidemiology
Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic poses unprecedented risks to the health and well-being of the entire population in the U.S. To control the pandemic, it is imperative for individuals to take precautionary behaviors (e.g., wearing a mask, keeping social distance, washing hands frequently, etc.). The factors that influence individual behavioral response thus warrants a close examination. Using survey data for respondents from 10 states merged with state-level data, our study represents a pioneering effort to reveal contextual and individual social capital factors that explain public mask wearing in response to COVID-19. Findings of logistic multilevel regression show that the COVID-19 death rate and political control of government at the state level along with one's social capital at the individual level altogether influence whether people decide to wear face masks. These findings contribute to the rapidly growing literature and have policy implications for mitigating the pandemic's devastating impact on the American public.
(Copyright © 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.)
Contributed Indexing: Keywords: COVID-19*; Death rate*; Mask wearing*; Political control*; Social capital*
Entry Date(s): Date Created: 20210226 Date Completed: 20210329 Latest Revision: 20210329
Update Code: 20210623
PubMed Central ID: PMC7894115
DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2021.102537
PMID: 33636596
Published: 2021 Mar
Database: MEDLINE

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