A Multilevel Perspective on the Health Effect of Social Capital: Evidence for the Relative Importance of Individual Social Capital over Neighborhood Social Capital.

Bibliographic Details
Title: A Multilevel Perspective on the Health Effect of Social Capital: Evidence for the Relative Importance of Individual Social Capital over Neighborhood Social Capital.
Authors: Lagaert S; Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent University, 9000 Ghent, Belgium., Snaphaan T; Department of Criminology, Criminal Law and Social Law, Faculty of Law and Criminology, Ghent University, 9000 Ghent, Belgium., Vyncke V; Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent University, 9000 Ghent, Belgium., Hardyns W; Department of Criminology, Criminal Law and Social Law, Faculty of Law and Criminology, Ghent University, 9000 Ghent, Belgium.; Master of Safety Sciences, University of Antwerp, 2000 Antwerp, Belgium., Pauwels LJR; Department of Criminology, Criminal Law and Social Law, Faculty of Law and Criminology, Ghent University, 9000 Ghent, Belgium., Willems S; Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent University, 9000 Ghent, Belgium.
Source: International journal of environmental research and public health [Int J Environ Res Public Health] 2021 Feb 05; Vol. 18 (4). Date of Electronic Publication: 2021 Feb 05.
Publication Type: Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Language: English
Journal Info: Publisher: MDPI Country of Publication: Switzerland NLM ID: 101238455 Publication Model: Electronic Cited Medium: Internet ISSN: 1660-4601 (Electronic) Linking ISSN: 16604601 NLM ISO Abbreviation: Int J Environ Res Public Health Subsets: MEDLINE
Imprint Name(s): Original Publication: Basel : MDPI, c2004-
MeSH Terms: Social Capital*, Belgium ; Health Status ; Humans ; Residence Characteristics ; Social Support ; Socioeconomic Factors ; Trust
Abstract: Employing a multilevel perspective on the health effects of social capital, this study analyzes how individual and neighborhood differences in self-rated health in Ghent (Belgium), relate to individual and collective social mechanisms, when taking demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of individuals into account. This study estimates the health effects of social trust, informal social control and disorder at the neighborhood level and social support and network size at the individual level, using indicators indebted to both the normative and resource-based approaches to social capital. Instead of the mere aggregation of individual indicators of social capital, this study uses the key informant technique as a methodologically superior measurement of neighborhood social capital, which combined with a multilevel analysis strategy, allows to disentangle the health effects of individual and neighborhood social capital. The analysis highlights the health benefits of individual social capital, i.e., individual social support and network size. The study indicates that controlling for individual demographic and socioeconomic characteristics reduces the effect of the neighborhood-level counterparts and the neighborhood characteristics social trust and neighborhood disorder have significant, but small health effects. In its effects on self-rated health, social capital operates on the individual level, rather than the neighborhood level.
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Contributed Indexing: Keywords: health status disparities*; neighborhoods*; social capital*; social determinants*
Entry Date(s): Date Created: 20210210 Date Completed: 20210427 Latest Revision: 20210427
Update Code: 20210623
PubMed Central ID: PMC7914797
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph18041526
PMID: 33562693
Published: 2021 Feb 05
Database: MEDLINE

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