Effects of social network incentives and financial incentives on physical activity and social capital among older women: a randomized controlled trial.
|Title:||Effects of social network incentives and financial incentives on physical activity and social capital among older women: a randomized controlled trial.|
|Authors:||Yamashita R; Kumamoto Institute of Total Fitness, 6-8-1 Yamamuro, Kita-ku, Kumamoto, 860-8518, Japan. firstname.lastname@example.org., Sato S; Teikyo Heisei University, 2-51-4 Higashiikebukuro, Toyosima-ku, Tokyo, 170-8445, Japan., Akase R; Kumamoto Kinoh Hospital, 6-8-1 Yamamuro, Kita-ku, Kumamoto, 860-8518, Japan., Doi T; Dynamic Sports Medicine Institute, 1-10-28 Nishishinsaibashi, Chuo-ku, Osaka, 542-0086, Japan., Tsuzuku S; Kumamoto University, 2-39-1 Kurokami, Chuo-ku, Kumamoto, 860-8555, Japan., Yokoi T; Osaka Sangyo University, 3-1-1 Nakagaito, Dito-city, Osaka, 574-8530, Japan., Otsuki S; Osaka Sangyo University, 3-1-1 Nakagaito, Dito-city, Osaka, 574-8530, Japan., Harada E; Kumamoto Institute of Total Fitness, 6-8-1 Yamamuro, Kita-ku, Kumamoto, 860-8518, Japan.; Kumamoto Kinoh Hospital, 6-8-1 Yamamuro, Kita-ku, Kumamoto, 860-8518, Japan.|
|Source:||BMC public health [BMC Public Health] 2021 Jan 21; Vol. 21 (1), pp. 188. Date of Electronic Publication: 2021 Jan 21.|
|Publication Type:||Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't|
|Journal Info:||Publisher: BioMed Central Country of Publication: England NLM ID: 100968562 Publication Model: Electronic Cited Medium: Internet ISSN: 1471-2458 (Electronic) Linking ISSN: 14712458 NLM ISO Abbreviation: BMC Public Health Subsets: MEDLINE|
|Imprint Name(s):||Original Publication: London : BioMed Central, [2001-|
|MeSH Terms:||Motivation* , Social Capital*, Aged ; Exercise ; Female ; Humans ; Japan ; Social Networking|
|Abstract:||Background: Financial incentives have been used to increase physical activity. However, the benefit of financial incentives is lost when an intervention ends. Thus, for this study, we combined social network incentives that leverage the power of peer pressure with financial incentives. Few reports have examined the impact of physical activity on social capital. Therefore, the main goal of this study was to ascertain whether a combination of two incentives could lead to more significant changes in physical activity and social capital during and after an intervention.
Methods: The participants were 39 older women over 65 years of age in Kumamoto, Japan. The participants were randomly divided into a financial incentive group (FI group) and a social network incentive plus financial incentive group (SNI + FI group). Both groups underwent a three-month intervention. Measurements of physical activity and social capital were performed before and after the intervention. Additionally, the effects of the incentives on physical activity and social capital maintenance were measured 6 months postintervention. The financial incentive group received a payment ranging from US$4.40 to US$6.20 per month, depending on the number of steps taken during the intervention. For the other group, we provided a social network incentive in addition to the financial incentive. The SNI + FI group walked in groups of three people to use the power of peer pressure.
Results: A two-way ANOVA revealed that in terms of physical activity, there was a statistically significant interaction between group and time (p = 0.017). The FI group showed no statistically significant improvement in physical activity during the observation period. In terms of the value of social capital, there was no significant interaction between group and time.
Conclusion: Our results suggest that social network incentives, in combination with financial incentives, are more effective for promoting physical activity than financial incentives alone among older women and that these effects can continue after an intervention. In the meantime, further studies should be conducted on the effect of physical activity on social capital.
Trial Registration: UMIN000038080 , registered on 09/22/2019 (Retrospectively registered).
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|Grant Information:||NO17K01810 Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (JP)|
|Contributed Indexing:||Keywords: Financial incentive*; Older women*; Physical activity*; Social capital*; Social network incentive*|
|Entry Date(s):||Date Created: 20210122 Date Completed: 20210514 Latest Revision: 20210514|
|PubMed Central ID:||PMC7819206|
|Published:||2021 Jan 21|