Exploring the Nexus of Energy Burden, Social Capital, and Environmental Quality in Shaping Health in US Counties.

Bibliographic Details
Title: Exploring the Nexus of Energy Burden, Social Capital, and Environmental Quality in Shaping Health in US Counties.
Authors: Reames TG; School for Environment & Sustainability, University of Michigan, 440 Church St., Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA., Daley DM; School of Public Affairs & Administration and Environmental Studies Program, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66045, USA., Pierce JC; School of Public Affairs & Administration, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66045, USA.
Source: International journal of environmental research and public health [Int J Environ Res Public Health] 2021 Jan 13; Vol. 18 (2). Date of Electronic Publication: 2021 Jan 13.
Publication Type: Journal Article
Language: English
Journal Info: Publisher: MDPI Country of Publication: Switzerland NLM ID: 101238455 Publication Model: Electronic Cited Medium: Internet ISSN: 1660-4601 (Electronic) Linking ISSN: 16604601 NLM ISO Abbreviation: Int J Environ Res Public Health Subsets: MEDLINE
Imprint Name(s): Original Publication: Basel : MDPI, c2004-
MeSH Terms: Social Capital*, Humans ; Income ; Socioeconomic Factors ; United States
Abstract: The United States spends more on health care than any other OECD country, yet the nation's health is declining. Recent research has identified multiple sources for this decline, including one's position in social and economic structures, environmental quality, and individual and collective social capital. This paper assesses the primary hypotheses that the health effects of household energy burden, social capital and environmental quality on aggregated community health levels remain while controlling for other determinants. The analysis moves beyond prior research by integrating multiple secondary data sources to assess those effects across US counties. Three indicators of public health are analyzed (premature mortality, self-reported health, and life expectancy). The county-level energy burden is measured by the percent of household income spent on housing energy bills for low- and moderate-income households. In addition to energy burden, social capital, environmental quality and other determinants are included in the analysis. The results produced by multivariate regression models support the primary hypotheses, even while a number of control variables also have a significant effect on health. The paper concludes that public health is associated with a complex nexus of factors, including environmental quality and social capital, and that energy burden needs to be among the considerations.
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Contributed Indexing: Keywords: energy burden*; environmental quality*; public health*; social capital*; social determinants of health*
Entry Date(s): Date Created: 20210116 Date Completed: 20210318 Latest Revision: 20210318
Update Code: 20210623
PubMed Central ID: PMC7828329
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph18020620
PMID: 33450890
Published: 2021 Jan 13
Database: MEDLINE

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