Promoting social capital, self-management and health literacy in older adults through a group-based intervention delivered in low-income urban areas: results of the randomized trial AEQUALIS.

Bibliographic Details
Title: Promoting social capital, self-management and health literacy in older adults through a group-based intervention delivered in low-income urban areas: results of the randomized trial AEQUALIS.
Authors: Blancafort Alias S; Fundació Salut i Envelliment UAB. Casa Convalescència, Sant Antoni Maria Claret, 17, 4a planta, 08041, Barcelona, Spain. sergi.blancafort@uab.cat.; Institute of Biomedical Research (IIB Sant Pau), Sant Quintí, 75-77, 08041, Barcelona, Spain. sergi.blancafort@uab.cat., Monteserín Nadal R; Institute of Biomedical Research (IIB Sant Pau), Sant Quintí, 75-77, 08041, Barcelona, Spain.; Equip d'Atenció Sardenya, EAP Sardenya, Sardenya, 466, 08025, Barcelona, Spain., Moral I; Institute of Biomedical Research (IIB Sant Pau), Sant Quintí, 75-77, 08041, Barcelona, Spain.; Equip d'Atenció Sardenya, EAP Sardenya, Sardenya, 466, 08025, Barcelona, Spain., Roqué Fígols M; Fundació Salut i Envelliment UAB. Casa Convalescència, Sant Antoni Maria Claret, 17, 4a planta, 08041, Barcelona, Spain.; Institute of Biomedical Research (IIB Sant Pau), Sant Quintí, 75-77, 08041, Barcelona, Spain., Rojano I Luque X; Fundació Salut i Envelliment UAB. Casa Convalescència, Sant Antoni Maria Claret, 17, 4a planta, 08041, Barcelona, Spain.; Institute of Biomedical Research (IIB Sant Pau), Sant Quintí, 75-77, 08041, Barcelona, Spain., Coll-Planas L; Fundació Salut i Envelliment UAB. Casa Convalescència, Sant Antoni Maria Claret, 17, 4a planta, 08041, Barcelona, Spain.; Institute of Biomedical Research (IIB Sant Pau), Sant Quintí, 75-77, 08041, Barcelona, Spain.
Source: BMC public health [BMC Public Health] 2021 Jan 07; Vol. 21 (1), pp. 84. Date of Electronic Publication: 2021 Jan 07.
Publication Type: Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Language: English
Journal Info: Publisher: BioMed Central Country of Publication: England NLM ID: 100968562 Publication Model: Electronic Cited Medium: Internet ISSN: 1471-2458 (Electronic) Linking ISSN: 14712458 NLM ISO Abbreviation: BMC Public Health Subsets: MEDLINE
Imprint Name(s): Original Publication: London : BioMed Central, [2001-
MeSH Terms: Health Literacy* , Self-Management* , Social Capital*, Aged ; Aged, 80 and over ; Health Status Disparities ; Humans ; Quality of Life
Abstract: Background: Evidence is scarce on how to promote health and decrease cumulative inequalities for disadvantaged older people. Downstream complex interventions focusing on intermediate factors (self-management, health literacy and social capital) may have the potential to mitigate the inequitable impacts of social determinants in health. The aim of the AEQUALIS study was to assess the effectiveness of a group-based intervention to improve self-perceived health as indicator of health inequality.
Methods: Pragmatic randomised clinical trial addressed to older adults (≥ 60 years) living in urban disadvantaged areas with low self-perceived health. The intervention was delivered in primary care settings and community assets between 2015 and 2017 and consisted in 12 weekly sessions. The primary outcome was self-perceived health assessed in two ways: with the first item of the SF-12 questionnaire, and with the EQ-5D visual analog scale. Secondary outcomes were health-related quality of life, social capital, self-management, mental health and use of health services. Outcomes were assessed at baseline, post intervention and follow-up at 9 months after the end of the intervention.
Results: 390 people were allocated to the intervention group (IG) or the control group (CG) and 194 participants and 164 were included in the data analysis, respectively. Self perceived health as primary outcome assessed with SF-12-1 was not specifically affected by the intervention, but with the EQ-5D visual analog scale showed a significant increase at one-year follow-up only in the IG (MD=4.80, 95%CI [1.09, 8.52]). IG group improved health literacy in terms of a better understanding of medical information (- 0.62 [- 1.10, - 0.13]). The mental component of SF-12 improved (3.77 [1.82, 5.73]), and depressive symptoms decreased at post-intervention (- 1.26 [- 1.90, - 0.63]), and at follow-up (- 0.95 [- 1.62, - 0.27]). The use of antidepressants increased in CG at the follow-up (1.59 [0.33, 2.86]), while it remained stable in the IG.
Conclusions: This study indicates that a group intervention with a strong social component, conducted in primary health care and community assets, shows promising effects on mental health and can be used as a strategy for health promotion among older adults in urban disadvantaged areas.
Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov , NCT02733523 . Registered 11 April 2016 - Retrospectively registered.
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Grant Information: 2014ACUP00207 Programme RecerCaixa (ES)
Contributed Indexing: Keywords: Aging*; Health literacy*; Healthcare disparities*; Primary health care*; Public health*; Self-management*; Social capital*; Social medicine*
Molecular Sequence: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02733523
Entry Date(s): Date Created: 20210108 Date Completed: 20210514 Latest Revision: 20210514
Update Code: 20210623
PubMed Central ID: PMC7791739
DOI: 10.1186/s12889-020-10094-9
PMID: 33413233
Published: 2021 Jan 07
Database: MEDLINE

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