Association between social capital and loneliness among older adults: a cross-sectional study in Anhui Province, China.

Bibliographic Details
Title: Association between social capital and loneliness among older adults: a cross-sectional study in Anhui Province, China.
Authors: Bai Z; Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, 230032, Anhui, China.; Department of Health Services Management, School of Health Services Management, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, 230032, Anhui, China., Wang Z; Department of Health Services Management, School of Health Services Management, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, 230032, Anhui, China., Shao T; Department of Health Services Management, School of Health Services Management, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, 230032, Anhui, China., Qin X; Department of Health Services Management, School of Health Services Management, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, 230032, Anhui, China. qinxia@ahmu.edu.cn., Hu Z; Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, 230032, Anhui, China. aywghz@ahmu.edu.cn.; Department of Health Services Management, School of Health Services Management, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, 230032, Anhui, China. aywghz@ahmu.edu.cn.
Source: BMC geriatrics [BMC Geriatr] 2021 Jan 07; Vol. 21 (1), pp. 26. Date of Electronic Publication: 2021 Jan 07.
Publication Type: Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Language: English
Journal Info: Publisher: BioMed Central Country of Publication: England NLM ID: 100968548 Publication Model: Electronic Cited Medium: Internet ISSN: 1471-2318 (Electronic) Linking ISSN: 14712318 NLM ISO Abbreviation: BMC Geriatr Subsets: MEDLINE
Imprint Name(s): Original Publication: London : BioMed Central, [2001]-
MeSH Terms: Social Capital*, Aged ; Aged, 80 and over ; China/epidemiology ; Cross-Sectional Studies ; Humans ; Loneliness ; Middle Aged ; Socioeconomic Factors
Abstract: Background: We aimed to examine the association between social capital and loneliness in Anhui Province, China.
Methods: Data were collected from a cross-sectional study using a multi-stage stratified cluster sampling strategy. Data on demographic characteristics, socioeconomic factors, social capital, and loneliness in 1810 older adults (aged 60 years and older) were used for analysis. Binary logistic regression models and a classification and regression tree model were performed to assess the association of social capital and loneliness.
Results: Our results indicated that social capital in terms of lower level of social participation (AOR = 1.38; 95% CI: 1.10-1.74), social connection (AOR = 1.51; 95% CI: 1.18-1.93), and reciprocity (AOR = 1.47; 95% CI: 1.13-1.90) were associated with higher odds of developing loneliness. We noted the interactive effect of different social capital dimensions on loneliness, suggesting that the risk for suffering loneliness was greatest in older people limited in functional ability, with less trust, less social connection, and less social participation.
Conclusions: Our findings show that social capital is associated with loneliness in older adults. This implies that social capital, especially in terms of trust, social connection, and social participation may be significant for alleviating loneliness in later life.
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Grant Information: 71573002 National Natural Science Foundation of China; 71673002 National Natural Science Foundation of China
Contributed Indexing: Keywords: Aging*; China*; Health*; Loneliness*; Social capital*
Entry Date(s): Date Created: 20210108 Date Completed: 20210423 Latest Revision: 20210423
Update Code: 20210623
PubMed Central ID: PMC7791664
DOI: 10.1186/s12877-020-01973-2
PMID: 33413141
Published: 2021 Jan 07
Database: MEDLINE

Academic Journal