Association between social capital and suicide ideation, plan and attempt among men living with HIV in China.

Bibliographic Details
Title: Association between social capital and suicide ideation, plan and attempt among men living with HIV in China.
Authors: Wang W; School of Public Health, Xuzhou Medical University, Xuzhou, Jiangsu, China; School of Health Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei, China. Electronic address: weiwang90@163.com., Chen X; Department of Epidemiology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA., Yan H; School of Health Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei, China. Electronic address: yanhmjxr@whu.edu.cn., Yu B; Department of Epidemiology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA., Li S; School of Health Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei, China.
Source: Journal of affective disorders [J Affect Disord] 2021 Feb 01; Vol. 280 (Pt A), pp. 173-179. Date of Electronic Publication: 2020 Nov 12.
Publication Type: Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Language: English
Journal Info: Publisher: Elsevier/North-Holland Biomedical Press Country of Publication: Netherlands NLM ID: 7906073 Publication Model: Print-Electronic Cited Medium: Internet ISSN: 1573-2517 (Electronic) Linking ISSN: 01650327 NLM ISO Abbreviation: J Affect Disord Subsets: MEDLINE
Imprint Name(s): Original Publication: Amsterdam, Elsevier/North-Holland Biomedical Press.
MeSH Terms: HIV Infections*/epidemiology , Social Capital*, China/epidemiology ; Humans ; Male ; Risk Factors ; Suicidal Ideation ; Suicide, Attempted
Abstract: Background: Better understanding of the relationship between social capital and risk of suicide is essential for suicide prevention and control among people living with HIV (PLWH).
Methods: Participants were 494 male PLWH recruited with a venue-based method from Wuhan in China. Data were collected using a self-reported questionnaire during November 2015 and January 2016. Social capital was measured using the short-version Personal Social Capital Scale. Multivariate logistic regression was used to assess the association between social capital and suicidal ideations post HIV+ diagnosis and in the past month, as well as suicide plan and attempt.
Results: Scatter plots showed a nonlinear trend in the prevalence of the three suicide measures along with social capital. Logistic regression analyses stratified by quartiles of social capital indicated a significant nonlinear association between social capital and the risk of suicide. The estimated odds ratio [95% CI] of suicidal ideation was 0.87 [0.51.1.42], 0.68 [0.40, 1.14] and 0.24 [0.12, 0.46] for the second, third and fourth quartile of social capital scores respectively with the first quartile as the reference. Similar results were observed for suicidal ideation in the past month and suicidal plan/attempt.
Conclusions: Findings of this study suggest that social capital is only associated with lower suicidal ideation at very high levels of social capital. If verified with longitudinal data, this finding suggests an effective suicide prevention intervention among male PLWH must foster social capital to a level greater than average.
(Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.)
Contributed Indexing: Keywords: People living with HIV*; Social capital*; Suicide*
Entry Date(s): Date Created: 20201119 Date Completed: 20210420 Latest Revision: 20210420
Update Code: 20210623
DOI: 10.1016/j.jad.2020.11.088
PMID: 33212409
Published: 2021 Feb 01
Database: MEDLINE

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