family relationships rodinné vztahy American civil war (1861-1865) Yoknapatawpha County (fiktivní útvar) Yoknapatawpha County (imaginary place) americká literatura americká občanská válka (1861-1865) burials death manners and customs osoby s mentálním postižením people with mental disabilities pohřby smrt social life společenský život zvyky a obyčeje
William FaulknerWilliam Cuthbert Faulkner (; September 25, 1897 – July 6, 1962) was an American writer known for his novels and short stories set in the fictional Yoknapatawpha County, based on Lafayette County, Mississippi, where Faulkner spent most of his life. Faulkner is one of the most celebrated writers of American literature, and is widely considered one of the best writers of Southern literature.
Born in New Albany, Mississippi, Faulkner's family moved to Oxford, Mississippi when he was a young child. With the outbreak of World War I, he joined the Royal Canadian Air Force but he did not serve in combat. Returning to Oxford, he attended the University of Mississippi for three semesters before dropping out. He then moved to New Orleans, where he wrote his first novel ''Soldiers' Pay'' (1925). Returning to Oxford, he wrote ''Sartoris'' (1927), his first work which is set in Yoknapatawpha County. In 1929, he published ''The Sound and the Fury''. The following year, he wrote ''As I Lay Dying''. Seeking greater economic success, he went to Hollywood to work as a screenwriter.
Faulkner's renown reached its peak upon the publication of Malcolm Cowley's ''The Portable Faulkner'' and his 1949 Nobel Prize in Literature, making him the only Mississippi-born Nobel laureate. Two of his works, ''A Fable'' (1954) and his last novel ''The Reivers'' (1962), won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction. His economic success allowed him to purchase an estate in Oxford, Rowan Oak. Faulkner died from a heart attack on July 6, 1962 related to a fall from his horse the prior month.
In 1998, the Modern Library ranked his 1929 novel ''The Sound and the Fury'' sixth on its list of the 100 best English-language novels of the 20th century; also on the list were ''As I Lay Dying'' (1930) and ''Light in August'' (1932). ''Absalom, Absalom!'' (1936) appears on similar lists. Provided by Wikipedia